Tetulia (তেতুলিয়া) is the extreme northern upazila of the country. For its location & tourist spot, it is one of the well known upazilas in Bangladesh. Recently Tetulia is considered the most important economic zone for Panchagarh district because of the Tea industry and Banglabandha land port.
Area and Location: Tetulia is located at 26.4833° N 88.3500° E. It has 16346 units of house hold and total area 189.12 km². Tetulia is bounded by west Bengal of India on the north, south & west, Panchagarh Sadar upazila on the east. The Tetulia town consists of 1 mouza. The area of the town is 4.23 sq km.
Maps of Tetulia
Main rivers of Tetulia upazila are Dahuk, Karatoya and Mahananda.
Administrative: Tetulia Thana was established in 1857 & was turned into an upazila in 1993. It consists of 7 union parishads, 36 mouzas and 242 villages.
Tourism: Tetulia has great hospitality for tourists. It has a “Dak Banglo” situated on the bank of river Mahananda facing Darjeeling, a charming ice city of India. Tea of Tetulia has same quality like tea of Darjeeling. The “Kazi & Kazi” tea garden, the “Tetulia Tea” garden, the Banglabandha land port are the attractive places for the visitors.
Remnants of a fort at a place named Buraburi between Bhajanpur and Tetulia. Also Bhadreswar temple and Shiva-temple are the two tombstones of the Greek sculptural.
Population: As of 1991 Bangladesh, Tetulia has a population of 86760. Males constitute are 51.52% of the population, and females 48.48%. This upazila’s eighteen up population is 42021. Tetulia has an average literacy rate of 25.5% (7+ years). Muslim 97.63%, Hindu 2.1%, others 0.27%.Literacy rate among the town people is 45.7%.
Literacy and Education: Average literacy rate in Tetulia is 25.5%; male 33.2%, female 17.3%. The numbers of educational institutions are: College (non-gov) 4, High school (non-gov) 23, Madrasha 8, Primary School (gov) 39, (non-gov) 27, Satellite School 1, Community School 3.
Economic Activities: Main occupations Agriculture 45.07%, commerce 5.66%, agricultural laborer 29.6, wage laborer 5.61%, service 3.53%, others 10.53%.
Urbanization: Tetulia upazila parishad is the main urban area of the Tetulia.
Health Centers: Tetulia has 1 upazila Health Complex. The other health centers are 7 family planning centers & 2 satellite clinics.
Industry and Commerce: The recently growing Tea industry has became the icon for Tetulia & Panchagarh’s economy growth. Recent research and some small projects have confirmed that Tetulia has so much probability for cultivation of tea, orange and pine apple.
Other industries in Tetulia upazila are Ice factory 1. Poultry 14, fishery 19. Among cottage industries, Cap making factory 1, Welding 3, Bamboo work 125, Goldsmith 7, Blacksmith 4, Wood work 50, Tailoring 70. Main exports are Organic foods, Tea, Watermelon, Pineapple, Jackfruit, Garlic, Papaya and Pebble.
Shops and Markets: The number of hats & bazaars are 16, among them most noted hats/bazaars of which are Shalbahan, Bhajanpur, Sepoypara & Tirnoi.
Communication: Tetulia has 54 km paka road, 6 km semi paka road. Total mud road is 345 km. Traditional transport Boat, Palanquin (extinct), Horse Carriage and Bullock cart (nearly extinct). See Travel Tips
Cultivation: Main Crops Paddy, Jute, Wheat, Sugarcane, Potato, Brinjal, Onion, Garlic. Extinct and nearly extinct crops Kaun, Barley, Mustard, Sweet Potato, Arahar (pulse), linseed.
Main fruits are Mango, Blackberry, Jackfruit, Litchi, Watermelon, Papaya, Pineapple and Orange.
Land Distribution: Tetulia has 15515 hectare cultivable land, fallow land 175 hectare; single crop cultivated in 50% of the total cultivable land, and double crops are in 41%; Also arable land under irrigation 20% in this upazila.
[Source: Wikipedia, Banglapedia]